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Sociology

All about CSS Optional Paper of Sociology

Social Mobility

Social Mobility Defined: “Social mobility refers to movement of individuals or groups from one position of a society’s stratification system to another”. (Sociology by Schafer) The amount of mobility varies from one society to…

Social Stratification

Social Stratification. “Social stratification refers to hierarchies of statuses that reflect the unequal distribution of power, prestige and property in a given society”. {Sociology by Hess, Markson Stein} Dimension/Basis of…

Deviance

Definition: Deviance is generally defined as any act that violates a social norm and is disapproved by large numbers of people as a result. Deviance Relativism: But deviance is a relative term. No act is inherently deviance. It is,…

Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism

Ethnocentrism: Almost from the time we are born, we are taught that our way of life is good, moral, civilized, or natural as compared to others. The result in ETHNOCENTRISM: the attitude that one’s own culture is superior to that of…

Urbanization in Pakistan

Urbanization Defined "It is the process of migrating from rural area the urban area." Urbanization is the process of shifting the rural people to come and reside in the cities. This is becoming a grave problem these days that people…

Socialization and its agents

Socialization Defined: According to Horton and Hunt "socialization is the process of learning the social behaviours". Explanation: Socialization is the process of learning the social behaviours and adopting the personality according to…