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Criminal Procedure Code

FIR and its Evidentiary Value

First Information Report (FIR) First information report is an information regarding the commission of cognizable offence to the police authorities and it can also be taken as a very good piece of initial evidence which has to be backed up…

Bail in Non-Bailable Offences

BAIL: The world “bail” is derived from the French word bailier which means to give or decline. The basic concept of the word bail is the release of the person from the custody of police and delivery into the hands of sureties, who…

Procedure of Trial before Magistrate

Procedure of Trial before Magistrate Introduction Chapter 20 of the code of criminal procedure which consists of Ss. 241-250 provides the procedure for the trial of cases by Magistrate. The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure…

Framing of Charge

Framing of Charge Charge The term charge is defined is defined in S. 4 C and includes any head of charge when the charge contains more than one head. A charge is precise formulation of the specific accusation made against a person who is…

Joinder of Charges

Joinder of Charges General principle The framing of specific and distinct charge in respect of every distinct head of criminal liability constituting an offence is the foundation for conviction and sentence therefore, section 233 lays…

Case Property and its disposal

Case Property and its Disposal Case property Case property means a property regarding which an offence has been committed or which appears to have been used for commission of an offence and it also includes any property into or for which…

Physical Remand

Physical Remand Remand The word “remand” means to recommit to custody. The word remand has not been defined in the code of criminal procedure. According to Black’s Law dictionary remand means “an act or an instance of sending something…