Disaster Management in Pakistan Essay Outline

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Disaster Management in Pakistan:

  1. Introduction

    1. What is disaster?

    2. Types of disaster

      1. Natural disaster
        1. Global warming
        2. Climate change
        3. Accident
      2. Man-made disaster
        1. Industrial accidents
        2. Collapse of buildings
      3. What is disaster management?
      4. Pakistan is one of the most disaster prone country in the world
      5. Thesis statement leading to control disaster
    3. Phases of Disaster Management

      1. Prevention
      2. Preparedness
      3. Mitigation
      4. Response
      5. Recovery
    4. Pakistan and its vulnerability

      1. Earthquakes
      2. Tropical cyclones
      3. Man-made disasters
        1. Civil conflicts terrorism
        2. Transport disaster urban and forest fires etc
      4. Factors leading to vulnerability:

        1. Population growth
        2. Unplanned industrialization and migration
        3. Agriculture and live stocks – high dependency
        4. Poverty in hazards prone areas
        5. Lack of institutional capacity to deal with disaster risk reduction
        6. Climate change and its impact
      5. National and provincial strategy for disaster management:

        1. Institutional framework
          1. Prevention and Relief Act 1958
          2. National Disaster Management Ordinance
        2. Agencies working for disaster management in Pakistan
          1. National Disaster Management Authority (NADMA)
          2. Provincial/State Disaster Management Authority (P/SDMA)
          3. District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
          4. Armed Forces
          5. Provincial relief Department
          6. Civil Defence Department
          7. Flood Commission – Federal
          8. Pakistan Meteorological Department
          9. Dams Safety Council
  1.  Disaster Management and National Environment

    1. National Environment Action Plan
    2. National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) – 2012-2022.
  2. Disaster management and role of Regional Organizations

    1. SAARC Comprehensive framework on Disaster Management (2006-2015)
    2. Hyogo Framework of Action (2005-2015)
    3. SAARC Disaster Management Centre – New Delhi 2006
    4. SAARC Declaration Protection and Preservation of Environment and causes and consequences of National Disaster – 1987
    5. Greenhouse effects and impact on the region – 1988
    6. Regional cooperation in flood disaster management in Hindu Kush – 2001
  3. Poor Disaster Management and recent Disaster in Pakistan

    1. Flood – July 2010
    2. Siachen Incident – 2012
    3. Awaran Earthquake – 2013
  4. Impacts of poor disaster in Pakistan:

    1. Health hazards
    2. Food crisis
    3. Loss of infrastructure
    4. Unemployment and economy
    5. Increase rate of militancy and crime
    6. Rise in poverty
  5. Reforms needed for better Management

    1. Need for economic resources
    2. Need of advance technology
    3. Disaster Management – teams of politics
    4. Raising awareness among the people
    5. Adequate financial resources – allocation of separate budget
    6. Sufficient training to disaster management personnel.
  6. Conclusion

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