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Sources of Revenue under Holy Prophet PBUH

Introduction: There was no central authority in the pre-Islamic days. So nobody knew anything about the income and expenditure of the government. It was the Prophet (PBUH) who first established a central government in Arabia. He was the first who instituted a public treasury in Madina. During the days of prophet of Islamic state had […]

Circumstances which led to the creation of Bangladesh

Introduction: Though the creation of Bangladesh was the direct result of the revolt of Bengalis in East Pakistan and intervention of Indian military forces in matter, conspiracies for the separation of eastern wing were afoot since the very day Pakistan was created. The Hindus did not tolerate the creation of Pakistan. They did not like […]

The Mughal Empire: Administration, Social, Economic and Religious Conditions

Salient Features of the Mughal Empire: Administration: It was a semi Arabic system in Indian setting. Military type of government. Despotic form of government, but enlightened as power was not misused. The state however, was not much concerned with social welfare and Reforms. Law and justice for not modern, officer was quite corrupt. Except for […]

Advent of Islam in the Subcontinent

Advent of Islam in the Subcontinent: Arab traders had been coming to India before Islam was founded. Muslim had their relations with South India (Malabar Coast in particular) before they came to North India. Muhammad Bin Qasim: He was the first Arab commander to conquer a portion of India i.e. Sindh. In 712 A.D Mahmood […]

Historical Perspective of the Ideology of Pakistan

Historical Perspective of Ideology of Pakistan: The advent of Islam in the sub-continent: Arab traders under second caliph Umar came to Indian soil for trade but also preached teaching of Islam and impressed the local people.      “The Pakistan came into existence the day the first Indian national embraced Islam”. Quaid-e-Azam Sindh-The Bab-ul-Islam:-(712 A.D) Raja […]

Feudalism in Pakistan

Feudalism in Pakistan: Feudalism system in Pakistan is based on land tenure system which refers to the rights, obligation  and  arrangements  related to their ownership use and transfer of land. It means how land is held, ownership is determined and revenue  and fixed. The feudalism is positively correlated to the rigid land tenure system which […]

The Functions of Religion in Society

Functions of Religion: The functions of religion institution are mentioned as under Conception of the Supernaturalism: The major functions of a religious institution is to orientate man in his conception of the supernaturalism. It also reveals something about God. This provides psychological importance to an individual. Optimism and self-respect: Religion inculcates optimism, self-respect confidence among […]

Characteristics of Political Culture of Pakistan

Characteristics of Political Culture of Pakistan The main features of political culture in Pakistan can be listed as follow: Passive Role of People: In the first place though Pakistan opted for democratic system in which all the citizens were expected to play some role in the political process but the people have remained relatively passive. […]