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Compulsory Exams

Sources of Revenue under Holy Prophet PBUH

Introduction: There was no central authority in the pre-Islamic days. So nobody knew anything about the income and expenditure of the government. It was the Prophet (PBUH) who first established a central government in Arabia. He was the first who instituted a public treasury in Madina. During the days of prophet of Islamic state had […]

Circumstances which led to the creation of Bangladesh

Introduction: Though the creation of Bangladesh was the direct result of the revolt of Bengalis in East Pakistan and intervention of Indian military forces in matter, conspiracies for the separation of eastern wing were afoot since the very day Pakistan was created. The Hindus did not tolerate the creation of Pakistan. They did not like […]

The Mughal Empire: Administration, Social, Economic and Religious Conditions

Salient Features of the Mughal Empire: Administration: It was a semi Arabic system in Indian setting. Military type of government. Despotic form of government, but enlightened as power was not misused. The state however, was not much concerned with social welfare and Reforms. Law and justice for not modern, officer was quite corrupt. Except for […]

Advent of Islam in the Subcontinent

Advent of Islam in the Subcontinent: Arab traders had been coming to India before Islam was founded. Muslim had their relations with South India (Malabar Coast in particular) before they came to North India. Muhammad Bin Qasim: He was the first Arab commander to conquer a portion of India i.e. Sindh. In 712 A.D Mahmood […]

Historical Perspective of the Ideology of Pakistan

Historical Perspective of Ideology of Pakistan: The advent of Islam in the sub-continent: Arab traders under second caliph Umar came to Indian soil for trade but also preached teaching of Islam and impressed the local people.      “The Pakistan came into existence the day the first Indian national embraced Islam”. Quaid-e-Azam Sindh-The Bab-ul-Islam:-(712 A.D) Raja […]

Sweet are the uses of Adversity Short Essay

Sweet are the uses of Adversity: Adversity brings out the best in man. A person in difficult circumstances learns to utilize his physical energies and mental faculties in a positive way to overcome difficulties. The problem usually eases off after sometime, but it invariably prepares a person to deal with future challenges. On the other […]

Leadership Crisis in Pakistan Essay Outline

LEADERSHIP CRISIS IN PAKISTAN Outline: Introduction: Problems by Pakistan due to leadership crisis: Poor relationship with the foreign countries. Poor foreign policy Poor infrastructure Weak judicial system due to political interference Energy crisis Economic crisis Water crisis Terrorism extremism and sectarianism Poor civil military relationships Protests and sit-ins are occurring frequently due to non-seriousness of […]

Understanding Genes. How Do Gene Work?

Genes: Genes are the things that determine physical traits ─ how we look ─ and lots of other stuff about us. They carry information that helps make you who you are: curly or straight hair, long or short legs, are all passed through generations of your family in genes. Each cell in the human body […]

Women Empowerment in Pakistan Essay Outline

Women Empowerment in Pakistan: Thesis Statement: Women empowerment is necessary for the progress of any society and Pakistan is no exception. The hurdles in the way of women empowerment in Pakistan include illiteracy, economic depravity, feudalism and misinterpretation of religion. These obstacles must be overcome for the socio-economic uplift of the country and promotion of […]