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International Law

Material and notes of International Law

Treatment of Prisoners of War

Prisoners of War: Prisoner of war is a status which is given to a person captured by belligerent state during the war or in an armed conflict. All the persons captured by the belligerent do not acquire this status. Geneva Convention   relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War lays down under Article 4 […]

Is International Law Oxymoronic. Argue

International Law is Oxymoronic?  One of the most controversial issues that has been long debated and discussed and on which the opinions of the Jurists are sharply divided since the beginning of the science of law of nations concerns the status of international law. All the rules regulating the relations of states are part of […]

State Recognition in International Law

Introduction: The international community often witnesses territorial changes. New states are born out of the existing states or old states disappear by merging with other states or splitting into many new states. Revolution occurs and new government takes over. The members of international community cannot remain indifferent to these developments. It is for them to […]

Prisoners of War

  Introduction: The rule regarding prisoners of war is enumerated in Geneva Convention 1949. It contains exhaustive provisions as to treatment of prisoners of war. It would apply to all cases of war even if the conflict is not of international character. The convention has provided that, all the prisoners of war must be given […]

Law of Treaty

Definitions:- Treaty is defined as “Agreements of a contractual character between states or organizations of states creating legal rights and obligations”. Oppenheim. “In nearly all the cases, the object of the treaty is to impose binding obligations on the states who are parties to it”. Starke. Elements of the Definitions:- Treaties should be in writing. […]

Diplomatic Agents and Immunities

Introduction: Diplomatic agents are the persons who are reside in foreign countries as representatives of the state by whom they are dispatched. They provide an important link between the country which dispatch them and the country to which they are accredited. They, therefore, perform the act of diplomacy which in International Law means the methods […]


Introduction: Ordinarily, every state exercise and enjoys complete jurisdiction over all the person within its jurisdiction, but sometimes there may be cases where a person after committing crime runs away to another country. In such a situation, the state finds itself helpless to exercise jurisdiction to punish such person. The term extradition denotes whereby under […]