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Notes and Material of Psychology

Eric Erickson Theory of Psycho-Social Development

Introduction:  Erik Erickson, the famous Psychoanalyst, is credited with developing the theory of psycho-social development which covers the normal development over the entire life span of human beings. Erickson postulated that the development of an individual is the result of his interaction with his social environment. The social environment puts him under specific crisis by […]

Development Irregularities during Pre-natal Period

Developmental Irregularities during Pre-Natal Period Introduction: Causes of Developmental Irregularities Hereditary Factor Mendelian Inheritance Patterns: Dominant Inheritance of Defects: Recessive Incomplete Sex-linked Chromosomal Abnormalities: Numeric Chromosomal Abnormalities Structural Chromosomal Abnormalities Environmental Factor: Maternal Nutrition: Maternal Drug use: Maternal Illness: Prevention of developmental Irregularities: Developmental Irregularities during Pre-Natal Period Introduction: The pre-natal period of development covers […]

Stages and Principles of Growth and Development

Stages of Growth and Development: Outline Introduction: Difference between Growth and Development: Stages of Growth and Development: Infancy →childhood→ Adolescence→ Adulthood→ old age Principles of Development: Principle of continuity Principle of lack of uniformity. Principle of Individual Differences. Principle of uniformity of Pattern. Principle of Integration Principle of interrelation Principle of Interaction Principle of cephalocaudal […]

Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development

Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development: Introduction: Kohlberg’s model is the most influential of a number of competing theories that explained that how youngsters develop their sense of right and wrong. He modified and expanded upon Jean Piaget’s work who theorized that moral development is determined by cognitive development. Kohlberg’s theory is based on moral reasoning […]

Psychoneurotic Disorders

Psychoneurotic Disorders: Psychoneurotic disorders are purely psychological disorder. There is no relevant organic pathology present in these orders of the behaviour and thus may be clearly distinguished from the psycho-physiological disorders which are known as the disorders of the psyche as well as body. Neurotic disorders in a real sense represent the typical ways of […]

Freud’s Stages of Psycho-Sexual Development

FREUD’S STAGES OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT:  Introduction:- Freud (1905) proposed that psychological development in childhood takes places in a series of fixed stages. These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido (sexual drives or instincts) on a different area of a body. As a person grows physically, certain areas of their […]

Anxiety Disorder

ANXIETY DISORDERS: Introduction:- Everyone experience anxiety from time to time. It is a natural; and common reaction to many of life’s difficulties. For some people, however, anxiety becomes a chronic problem. These people experience high level of anxiety with disturbing regularity. Anxiety disorders are class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety. […]

Psychology of Learning

Learning: Leaving refers to a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience. This broad definition means that learning is one the most fundamental concepts in all of psychology. Learning includes the acquisition of knowledge and skills, but it also shapes personal habits, such as nail biting; personality traits, such as […]

Psychotic Disorders

PHSYCHOTIC DISORDERS Phychotic disorders or psychoses are more “serious disorders” in comparison with the minor illnesses of neurotic disorder. A psychotic behavior is characterized by a serious form of personality disturbance in which the patient shows periodic or prolonged loss of contact with the reality. Legal and social term “insanity” is frequently used for the […]