ISLAMIC IDEOLOGY AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS:
What is An Ideology:
Ideology is a philosophical term meaning Science of Ideas. Ideas mean a basic concept, and the basic concept on which any system is built constitutes its ideology.
Since ideology presupposes the existence of a system, it can be said that Islam is a system and a way of life.
The Arabic word Islam is derived from “salam” which means peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, the word Islam means submission to the will of Allah and obedience to his law. Quran says,
“The religion before Allah is Islam (submission to his will). (3:19) and “if anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will it be accepted of him… (3:85).
Foundation of Islamic Ideology:
The basic Islamic concept is based upon Tauhid and Risalat and belief in the life hereafter.
Belief in Tauhid constitutes the essence of the teachings of Islam. It means that there is only one supreme Lord of the Universe who is the sustainer of mankind.
“Your Guardian Lord is Allah, who created the Heavens and the earth…. (7:54)”
“……….. such is your lord Allah; to him belongs all dominion….”(35:13)
“He hath commanded that ye worship none but Him…..”
“Allah! There is no god but He the living, the self-substituting, eternal……”
According to Islam, Allah controls the entire universe and moves it to its final destiny in accordance with certain inviolable laws.
The second part of Islamic belief is that Allah sent revelations to His prophets. A Muslim accepts and believes in all the prophets previous to Hazrat Mohammad PBUH as instructed by the Holy Quran: Say,
“We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob and the tribes, and in (the books) given to Moses, Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord: we make no distinction between one and another among them…. (*3:84)
And the prophet of Islam is the last of them. ”
“…… but (he is) the messenger of Allah and the seal of Prophets. (33:40)
The religion and law (Islam) brought by the Holy Prophet PBUH is perfect as confirmed by the following revelation.”
“….. This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favours upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion…..” (5:3)
Belief in the life Hereafter:
The third and very significant principle of Islam is belief in the life hereafter. The world, according to Islam, is a place of trial and man is accountable for whatever deeds he performs in this world. Those who live in the present world a life in complete obedience to Allah’s will enjoy eternal bliss and those who disobey His commandments will have to suffer for their misdeeds in the life of eternity.
Characteristics of Islamic Ideology:
- Islam enjoined upon its followers to.
- Establish prayer
- Spend in the way of Allah out of what he has given them.
- Fast in the month of Ramzan.
- Perform pilgrimage to Makkah.
- Enforce what is right and good
- Combat evil.
- Say the truth and engage in good talk
- Show genuine kindness to their relation neighbours and guests especially the stranger.
- Say the truth or else abstain from talking.
- Islam is free from superstition, lifeless formalities and superficial beliefs.
- Islam is simple and contains no complicated rites and rituals.
- Islam considers man’s life a trust from Allah and man is a trustee who should handle the trust mindful of Allah and with consciousness of responsibility towards him.
- Islam is against extremism. The question of freedom with regard to belief, worship and conscience is settled in the Quran by saying, “let there be no compulsion in religion…..(*2:256).
- Man, according to Islam, is born in a natural state of purity i.e., Islam. Whatever becomes of him is the result of external influences which play a decisive role in the formation of his personality and the development of his moral character.
- Every human being, according to Islam, is personally responsible for his deeds because he has been provided with spiritual guidance and endowed with rational qualities that enables him to make responsible, sound choices.
- Islam preaches avoiding excess in every aspect of life and strive to follow the middle path.
- Islam does not divide life into compartments of matter and spirit. It is against asceticism (avoiding worldly and physical desires) and believes in the achievement of spiritual elevation by living piously in this world. With a sense of virtue and morality.
- Islam teaches equality. In the sight of Allah, all men are equal and there is no distinction on the basic of colour, language or nationality. The only distinction that he recognizes is that of piety, fondness and spiritual excellence. The Quran say …… Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you…. (49:13)
- The concept of morality in Islam deals with the relationship between man and Allah, man and his fellow beings as well as man with himself. A Muslim has to guard his behavior, his deeds, his words, his feelings, his thoughts and his intentions.
- Islam prohibits the free mingling of sexes to preserve the moral life of the nation. People are encouraged to wear decent and respectable dress to cultivate a deep sense of modesty and purity amongst its followers.
- Islam believes in the brotherhood of mankind with regard to the source of creation and the original PARENTAGE to which every human being belongs.
- Islam deals with all fields of human existence; individual and social, material and moral, economic and political, legal and cultural, national and international. It clearly states that its objectives are the purification of the soul and the reformation of society.