FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2014
ENGLISH (Précis & Composition)
|TIME ALLOWED:||(PART-I MCQs)||30 MINUTES||MAXIMUM MARKS: 20|
|THREE HOURS||(PART-II)||2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES||MAXIMUM MARKS: 80|
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL
NOTE: (i) PART-II is to be attempted on separate Answer Book.PART-II
- Attempt all questions from PART-II.
- Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.
- Candidate must write Q. No. in the Answer Book in accordance with Q. No. in the Question Paper.
- No page/space should be left blank between the answers. All the blank pages of Answer Book must be crossed.
Q.2. Make a précis of the following passage and suggest a suitable heading. (20+2=22)
Probably the only protection for contemporary man is to discover how to use his intelligence in the service of love and kindness. The training of human intelligence must include the simultaneous development of the empathic capacity. Only in this way can intelligence be made an instrument of social morality and responsibility – and thereby increase the chances of survival.
The need to produce human beings with trained morally sensitive intelligence is essentially a challenge to educators and educational institutions. Traditionally, the realm of social morality was left to religion and the churches as guardians or custodians. But their failure to fulfill this responsibility and their yielding to the seductive lures of the men of wealth and pomp and power are documented by history of the last two thousand years and have now resulted in the irrelevant “God Is Dead”theological rhetoric. The more pragmatic men of power have had no time or inclination to deal with the fundamental problems of social morality. For them simplistic Machiavellian-ism must remain the guiding principle of their decisions – power is morality, morality is power. This over-simplification increases the chances of nuclear devastation. We must therefore hope that educators and educational institutions have the capacity, the commitment and the time to in-still moral sensitivity as an integral part of the complex pattern of functional human intelligence. Some way must be found in the training of human beings to give them the assurance to love, the security to be kind, and the integrity required for a functional empathy.
|Q.3.Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Use your own language.||(20)|
In the height of the Enlightenment, men influenced by the new political theories of the era launched two of the largest revolutions in history. These two conflicts, on two separate continents, were both initially successful in forming new forms of government. And yet, the two conflicts, though merely a decade apart, had radically different conclusions. How do two wars inspired by more or less the same ideals end up so completely different? Why was the American Revolution largely a success and the French Revolution largely a failure?
Historians have pointed to myriad reasons—far too various to be listed here. However, the most frequently cited are worth mentioning. For one, the American Revolution was far removed from the Old World; that is, since it was on a different continent, other European nations did not attempt to interfere with it. However, in the French Revolution, there were immediate cries for war from neighboring nations. Early on, for instance, the ousted king attempted to flee to neighboring Austria and the army waiting there. The newly formed French Republic also warred with Belgium, and a conflict with Britain loomed. Thus, the French had the burden not only of winning a revolution but also defending it from outside. The Americans simply had to win a revolution.
Secondly, the American Revolution seemed to have a better chance for success from the get-go, due to the fact that Americans already saw themselves as something other than British subjects. Thus, there was already a uniquely American character, so, there was not as loud a cry to preserve the British way of life. In France, several thousands of people still supported the king, largely because the king was seen as an essential part of French life. And when the king was first ousted and then killed, some believed that character itself was corrupted. Remember, the Americans did not oust a king or kill him—they merely separated from him.
Finally, there is a general agreement that the French were not as unified as the Americans, who, for the most part, put aside their political differences until after they had already formed a new nation. The French, despite their Tennis Court Oath, could not do so. Infighting led to inner turmoil, civil war, and eventually the Reign of Terror, in which political dissidents were executed in large numbers. Additionally, the French people themselves were not unified. The nation had so much stratification that it was impossible to unite all of them—the workers, the peasants, the middle-class, the nobles, the clergy—into one cause. And the attempts to do so under a new religion, the Divine Cult of Reason, certainly did not help. The Americans, remember, never attempted to change the society at large; rather, they merely attempted to change the government.
- Why and how did the Reign of Terror happen?
- In what ways does the author suggest that the American Revolution was easier to complete than the French Revolution?
- Of the challenges mentioned facing the French revolutionaries, which do you think had the greatest impact on their inability to complete a successful revolution? Why?
- Of the strengths mentioned aiding the American revolutionaries, which do you think had the greatest impact on their ability to complete a successful revolution? Why?
|Q.4.Write a comprehensive note (250 – 300 words) on any ONE of the following:||(20)|
- Actions speak louder than words.
- Girls are more intelligent than boys.
- First deserve, then desire.
- Nothing is certain unless it is achieved.
Q.5. Use ONLY FIVE of the following in sentences which illustrate their meanings: (Extra attempt shall not be
|(i)||To bring grist to the mill||(ii)||To keep one’s fingers crossed|
|(iii)||With one’s tongue in one’s cheek||(iv)||A storm in the tea cup|
|(v)||To talk through one’s hat||(vi)||Hum and Haw|
|(vii) To let the grass grow under one’s feet||(viii) Penny wise and pound foolish.|
|Q.6.Correct ONLY FOUR of the following: Extra attempt shall not be considered.||(08)|
- Each furniture in this display is on sale for half price.
- He is abusing the money of his father.
- The duties of the new secretary are to answer the telephone, to type letters and bookkeeping.
- The new models are not only less expensive but more efficient also.
- He complied with the requirement that all graduate students in education should write a thesis.
- No sooner we left the shop it began to rain.
- The population of Karachi is greater than any other city in Pakistan.
Question No. 2 Precis
Title: Human intelligence and Social morality
The survival of human beings lies in using their intelligence for the benefit of others. Developing intelligence of men that response to social morality is a challenge for educators and educational institutions. Earlier, this responsibility was placed upon religion and religious leaders, but on their failure, modern rational men adopted Machiavellian principle of deriving morality from power. This enhanced the possibilities of nuclear destruction. Hence, it was hoped that education and educational institutions would succeed in inculcating social morality in human beings. Somehow, man must be taught to have milk of human kindness.
Question No. 3 Comprehension
Ans: 1. The reign of terror happened due to the internal differences of the French revolutionaries. The divisions and differences amongst French revolutionaries resulted in internal fighting which finally culminated into reign of terror in which great many people were killed.
Ans:2. The author suggests that American Revolution was easier because of three reasons. Firstly, American Revolution took place in a far off continent where other European nations did not interfere with it. Secondly, French were fighting against their own King whereas; Americans were fighting against foreign power. Finally, Americans were far more united in their struggle than the French.
Ans: 3. The greatest challenge faced by the French revolutionaries was the internal divisions and differences amongst themselves. French were not united in their struggle. Their lack of unity hindered the cause of their struggle.
Ans: 4. The greatest strength of American revolutionaries was that they were united in their struggle. Unity among the revolutionaries is a foremost pre-requisite for the success of any armed struggle and Americans had that.
Question No. 4 Expansion
Action speaks louder than words.
The proposition implies that practical steps are more noticeable than mere words. Some people attempt to present themselves in a certain way through words. The words; however, unaccompanied by action rarely change the perception of others. It is the action of a person that gets attention rather than the tall claims made by him. In this technologically advanced world, one cannot expect to hoodwink others by saying this and doing that. Any inconsistency gets easily noticed and the real face gets exposed.
The election campaign by political parties/politicians is an illustration in hand. When the general election approaches near; politicians increase their contacts with voters and blowhard about their services for the people. People, on the other hand, are always cognizant of the fact that which political leader has done real service for them and who has only offered lip service to their cause. Consequently, the politician who has done practical work invariably wins and the politician who has made shallow promises rarely succeeds.
Similarly, the United States presents herself as champion protector of human rights and individual’s freedom. The inhuman treatment of prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay and Bagram Jails by United States army has vividly shown the respect for human rights that United States have. Even more recently, the veil is lifted on the mass surveillance program conducted by her National Security Agency which taped the telephones of not only her own citizens, but also some of the head of states of some of her allied countries. Thus, these actions and revelations have seriously affected her claim of being the upholder and torch-bearer of human liberty.
From the above discussion it can be concluded that echo of action is much louder than the sizzling of worlds.
Question No. 5 Idioms:
To bring grist to the mill:
Practice for an advocate is to bring grist to the mill.
To keep one’s fingers cross:
The nation has kept it fingers crossed for the approval of new fiscal policy, as many of its recommendations have been controversial.
With ones’s tongue in one’s cheeks:
John’s criticism of Mark’s car was not taken seriously as everyone knew it was said by John’s with tongue in his cheeks.
Storm in tea cup:
The hue and cry over rigging in elections proved just a storm in tea cup.
To talk through one’s hat:
Majority of the politicians in talk shows talk through their hats; they actually are not really aware of the real issues.
Question No. 6 Corrections
- Each piece of furniture in this display is on sale for half price.
- He is wasting his father’s money.
- The duties of new secretary are answering telephones, typing letters and do book keeping.
- The new models are not only less expensive but efficient too.
- He complied with the requirement that all the graduates in education should write a thesis.
- No sooner did we leave the shop than it began raining.
- The population of Karachi is the greatest of all the cities in Pakistan.