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psychology notes

Existential Therapy

Existential Therapy: Existential therapy is a form of psychological counseling that is rooted in the ideals and philosophies of “Existentialism”. As existentialism is the philosophy of basic human existence, the existential therapist aim to bring the patient to an individual place of acceptance of the way things are, in particular his or her existence. Existentialism […]

Methods of Measuring Development in Humans

Methods of Measuring Development: Introduction:  Development describes the growth of humans throughout the lifespan, from conception to death. The scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, perceptual and personality development. Researchers have employed […]

Neurotransmitters and their functions

Neurotransmitters: The nervous system relies on chemical couriers “neurotransmitters” to communicate information between neurons. These neurotransmitters are fundamental to behavior, playing a key role in everything from muscle movements to moods and mental health. Acetylcholine (ACH): ACH has been found throughout the nervous system. It is the only transmitter between motor neurons and voluntary muscles. […]

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Introduction: “Cognitive Development refers to transition in youngster patterns of thinking including reasoning, remembering and problem solving”.  Piaget’s Theory is stage theory of development. Piaget proposed that youngsters progress through four stages of cognitive development which are characterized by different thought processes. Piaget regarded his age norms as approximations and […]

Anxiety Disorder

ANXIETY DISORDERS: Introduction:- Everyone experience anxiety from time to time. It is a natural; and common reaction to many of life’s difficulties. For some people, however, anxiety becomes a chronic problem. These people experience high level of anxiety with disturbing regularity. Anxiety disorders are class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety. […]

Psychology of Learning

Learning: Leaving refers to a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience. This broad definition means that learning is one the most fundamental concepts in all of psychology. Learning includes the acquisition of knowledge and skills, but it also shapes personal habits, such as nail biting; personality traits, such as […]